Introduction

The Taiga Cordillera is a very cold ecozone that is located on the border of the Yukon and the Northwest Territories. It is an area of tall mountains and deep valleys. Everything in the Taiga Cordillera varies, from climate to soil type.


Climate


The climate of the Taiga Cordillera varies but it is mostly very cold. The type of air mass is Continental Arctic (cA). There are long cold winters and short cool summers. They are dry and have very little precipitation. The snow lasts for 6-8 months of the year. The precipitation in this ecozone is most likely orographic because there are lots of mountains and the mountains are on the Pacific coast.

Vegetation and soil

The natural vegetation in the Taiga Cordillera varies greatly from arctic tundra in the northern regions to woodlands in the south. In the woodlands the trees are mostly coniferous like paper birch and there are lots of mosses. In the tundras in the northern regions there are lots of lichens and sedges. The growing season is 90- 130 days and the soil quality is very bad. Permafrost covers most of the ecozone and there is a lot of bare rock.