Ecozone Experts

Introduction - The Hudson Bay plains are situated in basically the center of Canada, along the coast of Hudson Bay. There is a huge variety of animals in the Hudson Bay plains because of the variety of ecosystems and climates. The vegetation has a wide variety also, from shrubs like tundra vegetation to lush forests.

Landforms – In the Hudson Bay plains there is 359 546 km2 of space, but there are only 9 530 people in this area. The Hudson Bay plains have extends from North-eastern Manitoba over into Western Quebec but it’s mostly situated in Ontario.

Rocks and Minerals – The Hudson Bay plains rest on flat rock with a maximum elevation of 500m, but the average in 120m above sea level. There are many sandy beaches in the Hudson Bay plains and the rock content underlying the area is 80% sedimentary rock, 12% igneous rock and 8% metamorphic rock.

Climate – This ecozone has a moderately long and cold winter (-17C) and short cool summers (14C). The average precipitation level in 575mm per year but can vary from 400 all the way up to 800mm. The growing season also varies, 90-150 days every year.
Vegetation and Soil – The soil in this area is not the best for growing crops because of poorly developed organic materials and scattered permafrost. The vegetation in this area is very different depending on where you are ranging from taiga and ground hugging tundra vegetation, to boreal forests with white and spruce and pine jack trees.

Fun Facts and Trivia – Tourism, hunting, fishing and trapping are the main economic activities for the Hudson Bay plains. It is well suited for hunting sports because of the locations near Hudson Bay with large forests. The Hudson Bay plains take up 2.4% of Canada's total area and 3.8% of Canada's total area percentage.
Clark, Bruce. Making Connections Canada’s Geography. Toronto: Pearson Education, 2006

Test Questions -

1. True or false: The Hudson Bay plains have ony a limited variety of vegetation. (False)
2. True or false: The Hudson Bay plains is a densly populated area. (False)
3. Why might the soil in most of the Hudson Bay plains not be the best for growing crops? (Not a lot of developed organic material)
4. What is the average amount of precipitation this area receives per year? (575 mm per year)
5. What is the elevation like in the Hudson Bay plains? (Normally found at 120m above sea level but can reach 500m)