Ecozone experts

Atlantic maritime

by Alannah Robson

Map of ecozone

Welcome to Atlantic maritime. The Atlantic maritime covers Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and the gaspe Peninsula (part of Québec). The area is part of the Appalachians Mountains.
Landform region
Appalachians Mountains
The Appellation Mountains are pretty pitiful compared to the Himalayas, Andes, Alps and Rocky Mountains. Most would hesitate to call them mountains because they are so much more like big tall hills than mountains
The reason they are smooth is because of millions of years of erosion. on of the main ways was glaciation. It played a big part in grinding down the mountain peaks and separating the hills/mountains with huge glacier valleys. Full of good agriculture because of it’s fertile land.

Even though they are rarely on any list of major mountain ranges of the would the Appalachians are still vary important for 3 main reasons
1. They cover a huge area over 1500 miles long and about 250 miles wide on average
2. They are the only significant topography in eastern north America a place that is huge and flat
3. They have a thick deep dense forest that covers almost all of the mountains

Rocks types and minerals
  • Layers of sedimentary rock similar rocks to Wales and Scotland from when they collided with Europe and northern Africa 300 million years ago.
  • The layers of sedimentary rock are rich in deposits of non-metallic minerals like coal.
  • Volcanic activity and faulting created igneous and metamorphic rock in different parts of the Appalachian Mountains, plateaus of this rock contain minerals that her metallic like iron and zinc.
Vegetation and soil
90% of the ecozone is covered by forest the kinds of forest is mostly mixed forest ( but there is some boreal and taiga forest) full of
  • red spruce
  • balsam fir
  • yellow birch
  • sugar maple
  • red and white pine
  • eastern hemlock.

Some boreal species are present, like:

  • black and white birch.

Climate and climograph

The Atlantic Ocean and its current have created a cool-moist and temperate maritime climate. The average annual precipitation ranges from 1000 mm inland to 1425 mm along the coast.

Trivia and fun facts

Some mammals of the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone include white-tailed deer, moose, black bear, raccoon, striped skunk, bobcat and eastern chipmunk.
Test questions
  1. 300 million years ago what did the Atlantic maritime collide with to form the Appalachian Mountains?
  2. What is the main kind of forest present in the Atlantic maritime?
  3. What kind of mammals live in the Atlantic maritime eco-zone?
  4. The Appalachian Mountains are the only significant topography in eastern north?
  5. What provinces does the Atlantic maritime contain?

Also makeing connections Canada's geography second edition by: Bruce W. Clark, John K. Wallace and Kim M. Earle